Violence Against Women Act of 2013
College and university administrators continue to develop institution-specific programs to address sexual assault on college campuses. Additionally, on March 7, 2013, President Obama signed the Violence Against Women Act of 2013 (VAWA) into law. The reauthorization of the Act included several provisions will affect how colleges and universities respond to and address sexual assault on campuses.
VAWA incorporates provisions of an earlier bill, known as the Campus SaVE Act, and codifies parts of an April 2011 Dear Colleague Letter issued by the Office of Civil Rights at the Department of Education.
The following resources will help colleges and universities navigate the changes mandated by the Department of Education, make necessary modifications to existing university procedures and protocols in order to stay compliant under new regulations, and to assist campuses as they address sexual violence on campus.
Federal Agency Resources
ED Office for Civil Rights: Title IX Campus Sexual Assault Investigations Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (November 29, 2018)
ED Office for Civil Rights: Case Processing Manual (Effective Date: March 5, 2018)
ED Office for Civil Rights: Field Instructions on OCR Investigation Processing (Repeals previous OCR guidance and provides for a much narrower scope of OCR investigations)
ED Office for Civil Rights: Dear Colleague Letter withdrawing 2011 DCL on sexual violence and 2014 Q&A (September 22, 2017)
ED Office for Civil Rights: Q&A on Campus Sexual Misconduct (September 2017)
DOJ Office on Violence Against Women Final Report on Campus Climate Surveys (January 21, 2016)
ED Final regulations implementing VAWA (October 20, 2014)
ED Office for Civil Rights: Questions and Answers on Title IX and Sexual Violence (April 29, 2014) subsequently withdrawn
ED Office for Civil Rights: Dear Colleague Letter: Sexual Violence (April, 4, 2011) subsequently withdrawn
White House Task Force
The White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault was created in January 2014. Co-chaired by the Office of the Vice President and the White House Council on Women and Girls, its goals included providing higher education institutions with best practices for preventing and responding to rape and sexual assault as well as improving transparency of government enforcement activities.
"It's On Us" Campaign—a public awareness and education campaign to end campus sexual assault through bystander intervention. Campaign materials include:
Rape and Sexual Assault: A Renewed Call to Action (January 2014)—A report analyzing the most recent data regarding rape and sexual assault in the country.
Not Alone Report (April 2014)—The first report issued by the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault with recommendations for prevention and response.
Not Alone website—Information for students, schools, and anyone interested in finding resources on how to respond to and prevent sexual assault on campus.
Campus Climate Surveys—A toolkit to help schools conduct effective yearly surveys.
Public Service Announcement—Men's groups, Greek organizations, coaches, alumni associations, school officials and others can use the PSA to start campus conversations about sexual assault.
Confidentiality Reporting—Sample language for reporting and confidentially disclosing sexual violence.
Sexual Misconduct Policy Checklist—A checklist with a suggested process for developing a policy.
Memorandum of Understanding Partnership Agreement—Sample language for schools for partnerships with local rape crisis centers.
American Council on Education (ACE) ED Title IX Campus Sexual Assault NPRM Resource Page
PODCAST: Keeping Students and Schools Safe by Monitoring Online Behavior (2016)
ED Publishes New Clery Handbook (July 11, 2016)
Final Rules Issued on the Violence Against Women Act (October 21, 2014)
White House Public Awareness Campaign Aims to Prevent Campus Sexual Assault (October 2, 2014)
Letter to Senators Harkin and Alexander on the Campus Accountability and Safety Act (September 5, 2014)
McCaskill Introduces Campus Sexual Assault Bill (August 6, 2014)
ED Issues Guidance on New Annual Security Report Requirements (July 23, 2014)
Senator Releases Survey Results on Sexual Assault (July 10, 2014)
ED Proposes Violence Against Women Act Rules (June 25, 2014)
White House Sexual Assault Task Force Issues Recommendations (May 5, 2014)
Negotiators Reach Consensus on Violence Against Women Act Rules (April 4, 2014)
Spotlight Focused on Campus Sexual Assaults (January 24, 2014)