New Report Shows Recent Trends in Faculty Employment and Salaries
November 29, 2011
In fall 2010, colleges and universities employed approximately 3.9 million persons. Roughly 1.3 million of these employees were faculty members, lecturers, or other instructional staff at public and private colleges and universities (not including medical schools). A new National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) report, Employees in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2010, and Salaries of Full-Time Instructional Staff, 2010-11, provides information on employment trends and salary levels of the campus teaching staff by institutional type and other factors.
Growth in Part-time Teaching Staff
Total campus teaching staff grew from about 1.1 million in fall 2004 to just over 1.3 million six years later. But increases in part-time instructional staff accounted for the majority of this growth. The number of full-time instructors at all faculty ranks increased 11 percent, while part-time teachers increased 29 percent. During the study period, the percentage of total teaching staff employed part-time increased from 51 percent to 55 percent.
The use of part-time teaching staff was particularly prevalent at public two-year colleges. Of the roughly 377,000 total instructors at community colleges in 2010, about 70 percent were employed part-time. This compares with just 37 percent at four-year public colleges and universities and 51 percent at four-year private non-profit institutions. However, part-time teaching staff at four-year public institutions had the highest rate of increase (33 percent) among the not-for-profit higher education sectors. This compares with an 11 percent increase at community colleges and 27 percent at four-year independent colleges and universities.
While the overall number of teaching faculty has increased, the average salary at many faculty ranks fell in inflation-adjusted dollars over the past six years. The average salary for male professors at community colleges employed full-time (based on a nine-month contract) declined 2.5 percent from 2004-05 to 2010-11, and the average for their female counterparts fell 1.4 percent. The average pay for male lecturers at community colleges dropped nearly 9 percent over the past six academic years; conversely, salaries among similarly-ranked women increased 7 percent.
These trends contrast with salaries at four-year public institutions. The average pay for male professors increased nearly 4 percent, while women saw a 2.6 percent increase on average. The average salary of male lecturers at four-year public colleges and universities jumped 10 percent, versus a 7 percent gain in the average pay for women.
The report is available from the NCES Web site.
Director, Research and Policy Analysis
- NACUBO Provides Input on Tax Reform
- FASB Considers Delaying Revenue Recognition Standard
- Push for Resolution to 1098-T Fines Continues
- 2015 CAO and CBO Collaborations
August 3-4, 2015
- 2015 Planning and Budgeting Forum
September 28-29, 2015
- WEBCAST: NACUBO LIVE!: The Future Chief Business Officer
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 11:00AM ET
- WEBCAST: Analytics that Support Planning, Budgeting, and Results
Thursday, April 30, 2015 1:00PM ET
- WEBCAST: Corporate Sponsorships: Getting it Right
Thursday, May 14, 2015 1:00PM ET
- WEBCAST: Lessons Learned in Communicating Financial Information Effectively
Monday, May 18, 2015 1:00PM ET
- ON-DEMAND: Looking Under the Hood: Using Web-based Tools for Evaluating Institutional Financial Aid Policy
- ON-DEMAND: VIRTUAL: 2014 Annual Meeting
- A Guide to College and University Budgeting: Foundations for Institutional Effectiveness, 4th ed. - by Larry Goldstein
- NACUBO's Guide to Unitizing Investment Pools - by Mary S. Wheeler
- Managing and Collecting Student Accounts and Loans - by David R. Glezerman and Dennis DeSantis