Doctoral Degrees Rise Largely Due to Foreign Student Increases
November 30, 2005
The number of doctoral degrees awarded by universities in the United States increased by 3.4 percent in 2004, representing the highest number of doctoral degrees awarded since 1998. According to the 38th Annual Survey of Earned Doctorates, 2004 marks the second consecutive year of growth; between 2000 and 2002, the number of degrees awarded continually declined. Foreign students continue to account for the majority of the growth. In 1974, non-U.S. citizens with temporary visas comprised 11 percent of all doctoral recipients, by 2004, this percentage has risen to 29 percent. During the same 30 years, the number of U.S. citizens earning doctorates has remained unchanged.
Other findings in 2004 include:
- The greatest number of doctorates awarded was in life sciences, followed by social sciences.
- The People’s Republic of China represented the country of origin for the largest number of doctorates awarded to non-U.S. citizens.
- U.S. racial/ethnic minorities earned 20 percent of all doctorates awarded to U.S. citizens, the largest percentage in the history of the study.
- The University of California-Berkeley awarded the largest number of doctorates (769), followed by the University of Texas-Austin (702).
- Half of the doctorate recipients completed their degrees with no educational (undergraduate and graduate) debt.
The report is sponsored by six federal agencies: the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Department of Education, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
- Affordable Care Act: Final Rules on Coverage for Adjuncts and Students
- Administrative Jobs and Benefits Costs Drive Higher Ed Labor Costs
- OMB Super Circular Makes Changes to Audit Requirements
- 2014 Higher Education Accounting Forum
April 27-29, 2014
- ON-DEMAND: Understanding the Results of the 2013 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments, and a Look to 2014 and Beyond
- ON-DEMAND: How Behavioral Changes Helped Cut Energy Usage in Half
- ON-DEMAND: Developing a Market-Informed Approach to Tuition Pricing
- ON-DEMAND: Responsibility Center Management: The Process Necessary to Complete a Successful Implementation
- ON-DEMAND: OD: Responsibility Center Management: How Innovations Have Changed the Nature of RCM
- A Guide to College and University Budgeting: Foundations for Institutional Effectiveness, 4th ed. - by Larry Goldstein
- NACUBO's Guide to Unitizing Investment Pools - by Mary S. Wheeler
- Managing and Collecting Student Accounts and Loans - by David R. Glezerman and Dennis DeSantis