State Higher Education Appropriations Reflect Recessions
November 14, 2006
Recessions in the national economy between 1979 and 2004 had a ripple effect on state economies, higher education appropriations, and financial access to college, according to the new report "Recession, Retrenchment, and Recovery." Conducted by the Illinois State University Center for the Study of Education Policy, the study on which the report is based analyzed 25 years of trends in state higher education appropriations. In addition, state higher education organizations were surveyed as to how the 2001 recession, which researchers concluded had the most far-reaching impacts, affected higher education appropriations, tuition and fees at public institutions, and need-based student financial aid programs. Interviews were also conducted with government leaders in seven states—Arizona, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Texas, and Washington—to identify policies and strategies that worked in maintaining financial access.
The findings identify the following overall consequences of the recessions for higher education:
- Appropriations by FTE in the U.S. declined by 2 percent following the 1980 recession, 5 percent after the 1990-91 recession, and 8.6 percent after the 2001 recession.
- Appropriations per FTE declined in 26 states following the 1980 recession, in 38 states after the 1990-91 recession, and in 44 states after the 2001 recession.
- The aid-to-tuition ratios declined 17.3 percent after the 1980 recession, 2.3 percent after the 1990-91 recession, and 3.4 percent following the 2001 recession.
The study also suggests that after the 2001 recession state priorities shifted away from higher education and student financial aid to other concerns, such as workforce preparation and economic development. According to responding states, higher education began to be perceived as more of a personal benefit rather than a public contribution. Furthermore, state responses implied that student aid went to traditional college-aged students as opposed to adult learners, with more emphasis placed on merit as a criterion for eligibility.
For further analysis, state strategies, and recommendations, see the full report.
- Program Integrity Rulemaking to Be Delayed
- Associations Respond to McCaskill Sexual Assault Legislation
- COFAR Releases Frequently Asked Questions on OMB's Super Circular
- 2014 Planning and Budgeting Forum
September 22-23, 2014
- 2014 Tax Forum
September 28-September 30, 2014
- 2014 Global Operations Forum
September 30-October 1, 2014
- 2014 Intermediate Accounting and Reporting - Fall
October 13-14, 2014
- ON-DEMAND: Strategic Tuition Assessment and Tuition Restructuring
- ON-DEMAND: Are Shared Services Right for Your Organization – The KU Journey
- ON-DEMAND: VIRTUAL: 2014 Annual Meeting
- ON-DEMAND: FASB's Proposed NFP Reporting Changes
- ON-DEMAND: VIRTUAL: Student Financial Services Conference
- ON-DEMAND: VIRTUAL: Higher Education Accounting Forum
- ON-DEMAND: VIRTUAL: Global Operations Support and Compliance Forum
- A Guide to College and University Budgeting: Foundations for Institutional Effectiveness, 4th ed. - by Larry Goldstein
- NACUBO's Guide to Unitizing Investment Pools - by Mary S. Wheeler
- Managing and Collecting Student Accounts and Loans - by David R. Glezerman and Dennis DeSantis